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self-determination, self-awareness, self-advocacy, problem-solving, choice making, instruction


Among different transitions that happen in a young person’s life, transition to adulthood can be one of the most challenging. The new post-school environment requires increased self-determination, including self-awareness, self-advocacy, self-management, and other important skills that help one function as an independent adult. Because it takes time to develop and nurture self-determination skills, it is important to begin early and continue infusing self-determination into various aspects of instruction. Discussed in this article are SCORE strategies for embedding self-determination skills into classroom settings. Multiple tools and resources are provided to aid with the selection and application processes. A vignette is offered to illustrate guidance for implementation with the goal of improved self-determination skills and enhanced experiences for all learners while in school and beyond.

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The open access version of this article is under embargo until November 9, 2023.

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Preventing School Failure: Alternative Education for Children and Youth on May 9, 2022, available at:

Davis, M. T., Cumming, I. K., & Southward, J. D. (2022). Self-determination skills: Building a foundation for student success. Preventing School Failure: Alternative Education for Children and Youth (Online First).

Available for download on Thursday, November 09, 2023