Document Type


Publication Date

Fall 2019


English Language Learners, ELLs, Response to Intervention, RTI, language acquisition, interventions


The Response to Intervention (RTI) process is being used to assist all students, including English Language Learners (ELLs), who are experiencing academic difficulties and potentially qualifying for special education services. This article discusses suggestions for improving the RTI process by incorporating congruent time frames within the model and aligning it with timing necessary for language acquisition in ELLs. In addition, practical recommendations for expanding the expertise of current and future educators are presented to assist in providing effective services to ELLs students in the RTI process.


This article was originally published as:

Lopez, E. J., & Davis, M. T. (2019). A matter of time: English language learners and the RTI process. Teacher Education Journal of South Carolina, 13(1), 83-92.

Archived in Digital Commons with permission of the TEJSC editorial board. The complete issue can be found here.