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teacher preparation, supervision, residencies, clinical teaching


Teacher education residencies are an innovative but underutilized clinical teaching practice. Perhaps the reason that university-based teacher preparation programs (TPPs) do not employ residencies more broadly may be due to the lack of clarity about what they are and how they add value to the clinical teaching experience. To address this issue, we begin this article with a brief history of teacher residencies. Second, a typology is offered to help demystify the teacher residency as a type of advanced field experience. We demonstrate the similarities and differences between traditional clinical teaching and a residency for TPP, and then frame the two foremost residency models: conventional and urban. Third, we highlight the Aggie Teacher Education Residency Model (aggieTERM) as an example of an aspirant urban residency model in action. Lastly, the overarching motivation for the use of residencies by TPPs cannot be mislaid, as teaching quality for high-need schools remains the foremost rationale for any innovation that seeks to improve field experiences for preservice teachers.


Originally published as:

Hill-Jackson, V., Wandix-White, D., Gilley, T. (2020). University-based teacher residencies in Texas: Advanced clinical training for preservice candidates. TxEP: Texas Educator Preparation, 13-29.

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