civil commitment statutes, case law
The core element for emergency involuntary commitment is dangerousness to oneself or others. Statutes typically also mandate immediate or near immediate petition to the courts, and require immediate or near immediate professional psychiatric review. This chapter reviews the case law associated with civil commitment statutes, both historically and in terms of current issues.
Lyons, Phillip M. and Kalmbach, Karen C., "Legal Authority and Limitations" (2007). Psychology Faculty Publications. 16.